Red Cedar River Bird and Game Farm
Mute Swan Page

You may click on any image on this page to view a larger version of the same picture.

More pictures available below the text section.

Mute Swans (cygnus olor) are a very large and beautiful bird. The male is known as a cob and the female a pen. The young are called cygnets. The cob and pen are similar in appearance. Their adult plumage is entirely white. A triangular black area in front of the eyes extends to a black fleshy knob over the nostrils. Generally males have a larger knob than females which is most evident during the breeding season. The area around the nostrils and tip of beak are also black. The bill is bright red-orange fading to pink in non breeding birds. Legs and feet of the Royal Mute Swan are black to blackish gray. Eyes are hazel. Adult weight is from 25 to 30 lbs. with some laying females being heavier. Mute swans often breed their third year with a clutch of 4 t0 8 eggs which have an incubation period of 35 to 37 days. Newly hatched cygnets have overall pale gray upperparts and white underparts. The bill is black and the feet and legs are pale gray.

There are no distinct subspecies recognized (this is being disputed by some people) but a color variation known as the Polish Mute Swan does occur. This bird differs in its pale blue gray to pinkish legs (rather than black) on the females. The down of the female cygnets and juveniles is dirty white instead of pale gray. A sex linked recessive inheritance causes the males of the Polish to have the normal or Royal Mute juvenile appearance with dark gray legs.

In captivity, this species is readily maintained on mixed grains, duck pellets, or a poultry feed. Green feed daily, either as grazing or supplemented leafy vegetables or lawn clippings should be considered. They will pick at a good quality leafy alfalfa hay. A pond or swimming water area must be available to them. The absolute minimum would be a few hundred feet of surface area with a depth of about 3 feet. In the case of Mute Swans the larger the water area the better. Mute Swans spend the majority of their time in the water and a larger water body is much easier to maintain. Minimal water areas need to be drained and cleaned regularly. Larger natural ponds should not require maintenance if they are not over crowded with birds.

The possession and propagation of Mute Swans requires a captive wildlife permit in some states. Check with your local wildlife authorities about permit requirements before you decide to purchase Mute swans.

The picture gallery below contains several pictures of our Mute Swans. You may click on any picture to view a larger image of the same picture.

Some of our adult Mute Swans


A few Mute swan cygnets. Some of these are Royal mute and some are of the Polish variety. Explanations are available on the larger image pages.

Thank you for visiting our Mute Swan page, we hope you enjoyed your visit.

Persons have visited this page since Sept. 9 2000.

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Red Cedar River Bird and Game Farm