Make your own free website on

My Views page

This page contains text about anything that I would like to comment on, such as inbreeding, out crossing, stud books, etc. This is strictly my opinion and is put on this site "as such". Hopefully I will provide some information and suggestions for breeders of all types of fowl.



My first comment is going to be about the inbreeding of pheasant species.

The problem of "inbreeding" of captive bred stock is becoming a big concern for many breeders of ornamental pheasants. The most common of the species are being inbred by persons without the knowledge of what it does to the genetics, and many rare species are being inbred because of a lack of diverse stock.

Many persons are breeding from a single genetic line of a species and are not able to sell an unrelated pair. Granted they may inform the purchaser that the birds are related, and suggest that they purchase another pair from a different source and switch the hens or cocks, but a novice breeder is unlikely to do this. This could be partially solved by not selling pairs to a customer if unrelated pairs are not available. I mentioned partially solved because, if only singles are sold, the novice breeder will probably buy from the nearest "other source", which stock will, more than likely, be related to the line just purchased. The best solution to stop the inbreeding would be "records", pedigrees, studbooks and such. At the very least, records of your bloodlines (from whom your birds where purchased) should be kept and you should always endeavor to maintain a diverse bloodline. Breeders must keep track of their bloodlines and furnish their customers with copies of the records.

The W.P.A. / U.S.A. is working in conjunction with the A.P.W.S. to set up studbooks for all species of galliformes. All breeders should consider placing their birds in these studbooks when they become available. This would help to eliminate the inbreeding of stock and also open information to a diverse selection of bloodlines to maintain their own stocks genetics.

Many good hatches to all,




Crossing of Stock.

Another serious concern is the crossing of stock. This is especially evident in Lady Amherst pheasants.

Many Lady Amherst pheasants show signs of being crossed with Red Golden pheasants. I have seen many Amherst with red feathers showing on their breast which is a sure and very noticeable sign of a Red Golden / Amherst cross. This has got to be avoided at all cost. The reason being that both species will be degraded to a point of no return. As an example; When these crosses have taken place there are very likely hens and cocks which do not show the obvious signs of the cross. These individual birds could possibly be sold as genetically pure stock to an unsuspecting buyer. In turn they would be bred and there offspring sold to many other breeders etc. etc. etc. Not only would this jeopardize the genetics of the species but many breeders would be receiving unwarranted suspicions as to their character.

I have read that this has happened to some of the Temminck species. The hens look very similar and some crosses have taken place within the subspecies. A suspect hen would be one that lays more than several eggs, (a normal clutch would be 4 or 5), this would be a sign of a hybrid bird.

Please be careful when breeding your stock, keep them separate, and genetically pure.

Also take extreme care if you artificially incubate your eggs. It is very easy to confuse many of the subspecies when they are chicks. Keep your subspecies and bloodlines separated for incubation, hatching, and brooding.

Many good hatches to all,


Persons have visited this page since Nov. 22 1998.

Use your back button to return to my home page or click the link below.

If you have enjoyed this site, please take a moment to sign the guestbook at the bottom of my home page.

Back to my home page.