My Views page
This page contains text
about anything that I would like to comment on, such as
inbreeding, out crossing, stud books, etc. This is strictly my
opinion and is put on this site "as such". Hopefully I
will provide some information and suggestions for breeders of all
types of fowl.
My first comment is going
to be about the inbreeding of pheasant species.
The problem of "inbreeding" of captive
bred stock is becoming a big concern for many breeders of
ornamental pheasants. The most common of the species are being
inbred by persons without the knowledge of what it does to the
genetics, and many rare species are being inbred because of a
lack of diverse stock.
Many persons are breeding from a single genetic
line of a species and are not able to sell an unrelated pair.
Granted they may inform the purchaser that the birds are related,
and suggest that they purchase another pair from a different
source and switch the hens or cocks, but a novice breeder is
unlikely to do this. This could be partially solved by not
selling pairs to a customer if unrelated pairs are not available.
I mentioned partially solved because, if only singles are sold,
the novice breeder will probably buy from the nearest "other
source", which stock will, more than likely, be related to
the line just purchased. The best solution to stop the inbreeding
would be "records", pedigrees, studbooks and such. At
the very least, records of your bloodlines (from whom your birds
where purchased) should be kept and you should always endeavor to
maintain a diverse bloodline. Breeders must keep track of their
bloodlines and furnish their customers with copies of the
The W.P.A. / U.S.A. is working in conjunction
with the A.P.W.S. to set up studbooks for all species of
galliformes. All breeders should consider placing their birds in
these studbooks when they become available. This would help to
eliminate the inbreeding of stock and also open information to a
diverse selection of bloodlines to maintain their own stocks
Many good hatches to all,
Crossing of Stock.
Another serious concern is the crossing of
stock. This is especially evident in Lady Amherst pheasants.
Many Lady Amherst pheasants show signs of being
crossed with Red Golden pheasants. I have seen many Amherst with
red feathers showing on their breast which is a sure and very
noticeable sign of a Red Golden / Amherst cross. This has got to be
avoided at all cost. The reason being that both species will be
degraded to a point of no return. As an example; When these
crosses have taken place there are very likely hens and cocks
which do not show the obvious signs of the cross. These
individual birds could possibly be sold as genetically pure stock
to an unsuspecting buyer. In turn they would be bred and there
offspring sold to many other breeders etc. etc. etc. Not only
would this jeopardize the genetics of the species but many
breeders would be receiving unwarranted suspicions as to their
I have read that this has happened to some of
the Temminck species. The hens look very similar and some crosses
have taken place within the subspecies. A suspect hen would be
one that lays more than several eggs, (a normal clutch would be 4
or 5), this would be a sign of a hybrid bird.
Please be careful when breeding your stock, keep
them separate, and genetically pure.
Also take extreme care if you artificially
incubate your eggs. It is very easy to confuse many of the
subspecies when they are chicks. Keep your subspecies and
bloodlines separated for incubation, hatching, and brooding.
Many good hatches to all,
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